United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946

Like the UN as a whole, the Security Council was created following World War II to address the failings of another international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace. In its early decades, the body was largely paralysed by the Cold War division between the US and USSR and their allies, though it authorized interventions in the Korean War and the Congo Crisis and peacekeeping missions in the Suez Crisis, Cyprus, and West New Guinea. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, UN peacekeeping efforts increased dramatically in scale, and the Security Council authorized major military and peacekeeping missions in Kuwait, Namibia, Cambodia, Bosnia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The agenda for UNSC at Pune World Summit 2016 is as follows:

The Issue of Extremism in Nigeria and Surrounding African Countries

Nigeria is among the richest nations in Africa from the point of view of natural resources. However, owing to continuous civil wars, water crises and in most recent times – extremism, Nigeria has become one of biggest concerns for the international community. With extremist groups like the Boko Haram being able to often dictate the government while furthering their own ideologies and civil war continuing to escalate, the United Nations Security Council at Pune World Summit 2016 must take immediate steps in order to prevent Nigeria from becoming the next Syria as it stands today.