The Fourth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL) is one of six committees of the United Nations.
After the dismantling of the trusteeship system resulting from independence being granted to all the trust territories, and the now-limited number of non-self-governing territories, the jurisdiction of the Decolonization Committee was insufficient to keep the committee occupied. Consequently, it was merged with the Special Political Committee (which had been created as a seventh committee of the whole) to deal with certain political issues.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee deals with a variety of subjects which include those related to decolonization, Palestinian refugees and human rights, peacekeeping, mine action, outer space, public information, atomic radiation and University for Peace.
The agenda for SPECPOL at Pune World Summit 2016 is as follows:
The Issue of the Golan Heights
A rocky plateau in South Western Syria, the Golan heights have been a major reason for dispute between Syria and Israel since the Six Day War of 1967 when Israel seized this territory from Syria. A lot of Syrian Arabs fled from the region which became an area where Jewish settlers also started coming in. Ever since, the dispute has been on-going with regular skirmishes and acts of aggression from both sides. Apart from religious undercurrents, the strategic importance of the Golan Heights to Syria makes it a very important regional issue to sort out. The SPECPOL at Pune World Summit must look at ways of resolving the deadlock to further the process of ending Syria’s civil war too.