The international political response to climate change began at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, where the ‘Rio Convention’ included the adoption of the UN Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This convention set out a framework for action aimed at stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to avoid “dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.” The UNFCCC which entered into force on 21 March 1994, now has a near-universal membership of 195 parties.
The main objective of the annual Conference of Parties (COP) is to review the Convention’s implementation. The first COP took place in Berlin in 1995 and significant meetings since then have included COP3 where the Kyoto Protocol was adopted, COP11 where the Montreal Action Plan was produced, COP15 in Copenhagen where an agreement to success Kyoto Protocol was unfortunately not realised and COP17 in Durban where the Green Climate Fund was created.
The agenda for COP 22 – New Delhi at Pune World Summit 2016 is as follows:
Furthering Steps to Prevent Temperature Rise and Global Warming
The Conference of Parties 21 (COP-21) in Paris recently got over in December, 2015 with all member nations of the world coming together to draft and then sign an agreement which deals with climate change and related issues. As the world continues to progress, global warming and climate change have become problems which are threatening to reach catastrophic proportions. In bigger cities in developing nations like India and China, some cities have been considered atmospherically unsafe due to high levels of carbon emissions and pollution. This committee has been set up futuristically to further come up with steps to tackle climate change which shall universally be accepted.